Study reveals the presence of microbeads in cosmetic products in India


Published: updated on – 00:56, Fri – 25 Mar 22

Source: IANS

New Delhi: A large number of personal care cosmetic products (PCCP) in India contain harmful microplastics and microbeads released from daily use items pose a serious threat to the environment, especially the marine ecosystem, according to a new published study. Thursday. .

Microbeads are solid primary microplastics with a diameter of less than 5 mm that are used in cosmetic products as “rinse-off” or “rinse-off” for skin exfoliation, decoration, cleansing, color control opacity and viscosity, and soon.

Based on the assessment of 35 PCCPs, the study titled “Dirty Cleanser: Assessment of Microplastics in Cosmetics” by the Delhi-based NGO Toxics Link showed that a total of 19 facial cleansers, seven facial scrubs face and nine body washes were tested in this study and out of 35 samples, 20 were detected with the presence of polymers.

Of the 20 samples with polymers, 14 have microplastic beads. Of all the PCCP types tested, the highest number of microplastic beads were detected in the Neutrogena Deep Clean Scrub with 17,250 microbeads per 20g, followed by the VLCC Natural Sciences Rose Face Scrub with 5,510 beads per 20g and the Fiama Shower Gel with 4,727 microbeads. -balls per 20g, according to the study by Toxics Link, an environmental research and defense organization.

In total, 70% of scrubs, 55% of body washes and 21% of face washes contained microbeads. For the study, 20 g of each of 35 samples were taken for analysis, and FTIR was used for the identification of plastic particles in PCCPs.

“It is shocking to find plastic microbeads in products from such major national and international brands. Many of these brands have stopped putting microbeads in their products in other countries, but continue to use them in India as we don’t have an outright ban on their use,” said Priti Mahesh, coordinator in leader of Toxics Link.

Micro-plastic pollution is one of the most crucial environmental problems of recent times. The size of the microbeads detected in the products tested in this study was of the order of 32.55 to 130.92 microns. They are flushed down the drain after use and end up in sewage treatment plants (WWTPs), where they can escape into bodies of water.

“There is no effective means of recovery once it has been eliminated, and due to its non-biodegradability it continues to persist in the environment. Microbeads used in cosmetics are responsible for a significant proportion human-made solid waste into the aquatic environment and impact marine life,” said Amit, Program Coordinator, Toxics Link.

The tests were carried out at the National Institute of Oceanography in Goa.

“There is a need for responsible consumer behavior and ethical purchasing, which brings us back to the question of the responsibility of manufacturers in the correct labeling of products and also the pressure for the use of environmentally friendly alternatives. environment,” said Satish Sinha, Associate Director, Toxics Link. .

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